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Stateless

Lebanon, Dominican Republic, Nepal, Ivory Coast, Bangladesh

by William Daniels

Published January 2024

What happens when a person’s identity is negated to the point that they are deprived of any official existence? This person becomes stateless: they do not belong to any country – not even the one they consider their own. Most of the world’s 10 million stateless people do not feature in any census. They are seldom refugees: many have never left the land on which their ancestors were born.


The question of who belongs and who does not, who has access to resources and who should be denied them, is a hot topic in our times of pervasive identity crises and populism fueled by social media. The philosopher Hannah Arendt wrote that citizenship is “the right to have rights”; in “The Origins of Totalitarianism”, she described the process of dehumanization of stateless people: when “Others” are created and differences are exploited, citizenship becomes an instrument to deprive rights of those who could threaten political, ethnic or economic interests.


This story in ZEKE by William Daniels explores stateless communities, or “at risk of statelessness” in six countries.


William Daniels


William Daniels is a French photographer working on long-term documentary projects, with a particular interest for people’s quest for a sense of identity and territories prone to chronic instability.


In 2007, he won the Lagardère Foundation’s Young Photographer grant to conduct a personal project in the young and fragile Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The latter was prone to inter-ethnic clashes just a few years after the Tulips Revolution which had been hailed – and perhaps fantasized – by the West as the sudden ascent to democracy of a people liberated from the shackles of Soviet rule. This project was exhibited at the Fait Et Cause gallery in Paris, and self-published in the book, Faded Tulips (2012).


Since 2013, Daniels has traveled 10 times to the Central African Republic, a former French colony mired in extreme violence and mistrust between communities. His work was exhibited as a 100-meter-long fresco along the Seine in Paris in 2014; in a similar street show in New York in 2016; And at the War Photo Museum in Dubrovnik in 2015. In 2017, he published the book RCA (Clémentine de la Féronnière ed.)


Since 2015, William Daniels has also been making regular trips to the Russian Far. He has followed the Baikal-Amur mainline, documenting life along this mythical railway that has been abandoned since the fall of the USSR.


In 2019, the Pavillon Carré de Baudouin in Paris hosted his exhibition Wilting Point. The installation, conceived as an immersive experience, offered a transversal narration through images of conflict-ridden places (in the Indian Kashmir, the Central African Republic, Kyrgyzstan, the Bangladesh-Myanmar border…). The roots of these conflicts differ, they have one common denominator: a colonial past.


Aside from his personal projects, William Daniels contributes to National Geographic magazine, the National Geographic Society, Le monde and other international media. His assignments has won several international accolades, including two World Press Photo awards, a Visa d’Or at the Perpignan Photojournalism Festival, and the Tim Hetherington grant.


www.williamdaniels.net


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